Henri Bergson ( – ) introduced new life to French philosophy, examining the non-mathematical sciences from a philosophical stance. He introduced. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant. Duration and Simultaneity. Henri Bergson Henri Bergson in 20th Century Philosophy Concepts of Simultaneity: From Antiquity to Einstein and Beyond.

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There were two reasons for this. In dividing and measuring it, I can then say, if it suits me, that I am dividing and measuring the duration of the motion that is tracing it out.

Henri Bergson and the Perception of Time | Issue 48 | Philosophy Now

For time as for space, I shall have gone over from my point of view to yours. But the outstanding discrepancy was with Newton’s first dduration, or the principle of relativity, as it had come to be called. What Einstein succeeded in doing was to define a procedure for timing that event so that the observers, on applying it, did in fact time the event differently and in such a way that they both arrived at the same velocity for the light. However, the motionless observer in the ether will be following what has been happening from point to point.

Just because we close our eyes to the unceasing variation of every physical state, we are obliged when the change has become so formidable as to force itself on our attention, to speak as if a new state were placed alongside the previous one.

But they are yet simultaneous with instants pointed off by them along bregson inner duration, and created in the very act of pointing. Although his international fame reached cult-like heights during his lifetime, his influence decreased notably after the second World War. John-Francis Phipps lives in Oxfordshire.

More generally, let us again call S a system sijultaneity in the ether and S’ a double of this system, which at first coincided with it and then broke away in a straight line at speed v.

Simultqneity is bertson this opinion see his lecture of on “The Ether and The theory of Relativity”.

As always with Bergson, Kant is at issue, in this case his moral philosophy. But, overall, we must see that a revitalization of Bergsonism became possible because of Deleuze’s insistence that Bergsonism is an alternative to the domination of phenomenological thought, including that of Heidegger. The relativists, however, were not concerned with life.

But it is different in the case of the signal’s transmission from O to A and vice versa. The momentous fact, however, which is not yet realized, is that within the last generation this method has ceased to be permissible.

Secondary Literature Ansell Pearson, K. An observer with P will therefore consider that the light has traveled further than an observer with Q, and will therefore accord it a higher velocity than the second observer unless the observers allot different times to the arrival of the pulse at B.


By a very different route than the duratjon we saw before, Simltaneity shows, once again, that our habitual way of knowing, based in needs, is the only obstacle to knowledge of the absolute. When this illicit desire arises, there will be resistance from society but also from his habits.

Then it follows that the special theory druation relativity must be rejected: I think the root of the matter can be best seen in terms of the Minkowski expression of the theory. We have just distinguished between two “simultaneities of the instant”; neither of the two is the simultaneity most in question in the theory of relativity, namely, the simultaneity between readings given by two sep- arated clocks.

We are going to look at each of these four steps.

A anx to which we listen with our eyes closed, heed- ing it alone, comes close to coinciding with this time which is the very fluidity of simultaeity inner life; but it still has too many qualities, too much definition, and we must first efface the dif- ference among the sounds, then do away with the distinctive features of sound itself, retaining of it only the continuation ot what precedes into what follows and the uninterrupted transition, multiplicity without divisibility and succession with- out separation, in order finally to rediscover basic time.

It is immaterial what kind of processes one chooses for such a definition bervson time. Turning back from the habitual use of intelligence for needs, intuition, as we can see now, places us above or below representations. In a word, the real is essentially positive. Real duration and spatia- lized time would not then be equivalent, and consequently time in general would no longer exist for us; there would be only each one’s duration.

Duration (philosophy)

Over the past twenty or thirty years, there has been an ever-increasing growth in demand for many varieties of alternative healing, some of which are becoming part of medical practice, the development of psychosomatic medicine and many different therapies. As we have seen from our discussion of multiplicity in Time and Free Willsympathy consists in putting ourselves in the place of others.

That is why, in our opinion, if we adhere strictly to Einstein’s theory, all the philosophical difficulties relative to time disap- pear, and so too will all the oddities that have led so many minds astray. Its disproof does not rest with experiment or with its mathe- matics, but with an inconsistency in the physical part of the theory; it has physical implications that are both inescapable and incompatible with one another.

The revitalization of Bergsonism leads to a revitalization of the question of life itself, and not to the retrieval of the question of being. He achieved this through the realization of what no one had noticed before, that no natural method existed for determining the time, according to a given clock, of an event at a distance from that clock.


But as Bergson notes, the tendency is one thing; the rational method is another. It was an attempt to deter- mine whether the earth, or any other body, had an absolute velocity at all— in other words, whether the Newtonian me- chanical theory or the Maxwell-Lorentz electromagnetic theory was to survive.

Bergson allowed the book to be reprinted up to the sixth edition in Because a qualitative multiplicity is heterogeneous and yet interpenetrating, it cannot be adequately represented by a symbol; indeed, for Bergson, a qualitative multiplicity is inexpressible.

On this force we have today taken no hold precisely because our science of mind is in its infancy Instead, let us imagine an infinitely small piece of elastic, contracted, if that were possible, to a mathematical point.

But, this dynamics implied the existence of an absolute mo- tion. But, now, in addition, we point off the whole length of the moving path of a contemporary event with corresponding duratioon of division.

There gergson only one mo- tion, we said, which is perceived from within, and of which we are aware as an event in itself: The artist is not a special kind of person. Unlike space, time is not measurable by objective standard.

Duration (philosophy) – Wikipedia

This marked the beginning of his growing fame. But that is exactly what has been done. Nevertheless we had to begin this way. This would not be possible without bsrgson tendency— fertile in illusions— which leads us to apply the mo- tion against the distance traveled, to make the trajectory coin- cide with the journey, and then to decompose the motion over the line as we decompose the line itself; if it has suited us to single out points on the line, these points will then become positions” of the moving body as if the latter, moving, could ever coincide with something at rest, as if it would not thus stop moving at oncel.

If only as a zn:: First, we are going to look at the concept of vital impulse. In order to exploit and abuse others and make war against them, you first have to devalue them. Let us draw it out gradually in such a way as to bring out of the point duratlon line which will grow progressively longer. That is not so today.